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多肉植物梦椿子如何预防病虫害

小九
2017-09-26
#梦椿 (Crassula pubescens ssp.pubescens)是一种景天科(Crassulaceae)青锁龙属(Crassula)的多肉植物。草本,矮小,匍匐,易群生,株型紧凑,因其毛茸茸的外貌十分惹人怜爱,缺光或温差小的时候会变得很绿而且会徒长,后经太阳的洗礼会变得黑红。这么漂亮、可爱的多肉植物我们需要掌握怎么预防病虫害。

梦椿的虫害以介壳虫为主,从花市等地买来的植株80%以上根部有介壳虫。初期虫害常见于根部或植株中心处,发现虫害后需立即与其他植物隔离,剪掉滋生介壳虫的根部,可于患处喷洒护花神或灌根杀灭(百菌清、多菌灵等杀菌剂不具有杀虫功效)。彻底杀灭介壳虫可能需要数个周,预防可于配土中混入少量呋喃丹或土虫丹。

常见病害以植株黑腐为主(即植株部位变黑并腐烂,多见于根部),多发于夏季,通常是由于通风条件差和高湿高温的环境所致,但有时也可能由介壳虫导致。发现后需迅速与其他植物隔离,初期可将腐烂的部位彻底剪去,可在切口处涂抹少许杀菌剂(百菌清、多菌灵等),切口晾干后插入疏松的沙土中即可重新生根。若黑腐已经蔓延到植株生长点即可视为死亡,尽早丢弃以防传染。其他病害(烟煤病等)可通过喷施稀释过的百菌清、多菌灵等杀菌剂治疗。预防可于配土中混入少许百菌清、多菌灵等杀菌剂。
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