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蟆叶海棠有哪些特性与园艺品种

Colour_
2017-07-10
蟆叶海棠的特性:


光直射蟆叶海棠性喜温暖、湿润、半阴环境。要求空气湿度较大,忌高温与强,夏季温度以不超过25℃为宜,若超过32℃会停止生长与落叶;冬季温度需保持在12℃以上。蟆叶海棠的根茎肉质状,粗短平卧,无地上茎。花、叶均自根茎处抽出。叶片较大,有毛,皱缩,叶面深橄榄绿色,主脉周围有白色和红色的斑点,中间有不规则银白色的环纹,叶背紫红色。硕大的叶片盖住盆口,似像一只蛤蟆平卧在盆面,故称蟆叶海棠。

蟆叶海棠园艺变种甚多,常见的有:

①灰叶秋海棠。叶面银灰色,有金属光泽,叶缘和基部有不规则褐绿色斑块,叶背部叶脉红色。

②彩叶秋海棠。叶面呈浅玫瑰红色,叶缘与基部为褐紫色。

③花叶秋海棠。叶面草绿色,上分布不规则的白色斑点,叶缘深紫色。



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